The machine tool industry is analyzed
Publish：2013/9/16 14:06:03 Hits 3109
Machine tool industry situation analysis of China and the United States as a former manufacturing power in the United States, is now trying to revive the country's manufacturing industry, for machine tools and machining center is also very seriously, and now China as the world's first manufacturing power, billed as the world's factory, with the progress of technology, special value for machine tool and other industries of high-tech content, from big to strong transformation and upgrading. The machine tool machining center aspects of the two countries are quite different.
1. China and the United States are all big consumers of machine tools
From the production point of view, China is the world's largest machine tool producer, 2012 annual output value of 14.7 billion euros, in 22.1% of the machine tool in the world, after years of growth in a 5% drop. Continue to seventh in the United States, the vast market demand in domestic machine tool production to achieve 7% growth, the global share rose to 5.8%.
From than cutting machine, the cutting machine production of global accounted for 20.3%, ranked second, cutting 67%, lower than the global average of 73%; Better forming machine tool development, realize the output value 4.9 billion euros and 27.2% market share, the top. The United States of cutting machine tools accounted for 74%, slightly higher than the global level, and Germany.
From the point of domestic machine tool demand, China machine tool consumption of 23.9 billion euros, in global consumption proportion is as high as 36%, but in local currency terms spending fell 3% year on year. Us $6.8 billion to become the second largest consumer market, the growth rate of 19% in dollar terms, accounted for 10.2% of global consumption machine.
From the point of exports, China machine tool export ranked eighth, but not yet the high-end equipment, in the global machine tool market share rose to 3.9%, the domestic market consumes 90% of the machine tool, export rate of 10%; America's export machine 1.63 billion euros, export rate of 46.5%.
In terms of value, China imported machine 10.6 billion euros, accounting for 28.6% of global imports, is the world's largest import market, import dependency steady at 45% level. The United States imported 4.5 billion euros, 9.5%, as the second largest importer, import dependency is 67%.
2. Machining center imported contrast
From the point of import dependency, the United States import dependency is higher, increased by 2% in 2012; Its self-sufficiency rate of China machine tool, since 2007, the import dependency, has decreased by 15%.
Imports in the first half of 2013, China's processing center for $1.84 billion, down 26.5% year on year. Imports of 12400, down 43.0% year on year; Import unit price for $148000, up 29.0% from a year earlier.
$620 million over the same period, the United States imported machining center, fell 22.2% year on year; Imports 3481, fell 24.5% year on year; Import unit price for $178000, up 3.0% from a year earlier.
On imports, the processing center demand is bigger, about three times as much as in the United States, imports is 3.6 times that of the United States shows that with the rapid growth of China's manufacturing industry, the demand for foreign high-tech processing center is bigger. Products imported from the import price, the price is higher, shows that the United States than China more high-end products demand.
From monthly imports, imports of Chinese processing center in August 2012 to 5851 was the highest, then plummeted; Import the unit price is $102000 in October, innovation of low prices, then gradually higher. Imports in the first half of 2013, imports reduced gradually at the same time, the unit price has been rising, peaked in April, may and June this price increase prices begin to reverse.
Compared with China, the United States imports of highest peak in October 2011, then running high in October 2012 after began to lower; Import price in June 2012 at the bottom, then higher, reached the peak of $220000 in November.
In the first half of 2013, the United States imported machining center of imports and the unit price is falling, but in contrast to China, it is a trend reversal since may and June.
3. The higher concentration of imports
According to the calculation of value, Japan, Germany and China Taiwan is China's first 3 machining center imported source. In the first half of 2013, imports from Japan $739 million, down 51.3% year on year, proportion fell to 60.7% from 60.7% over the same period in 2012. Imported from Germany $520 million, up 51.6%, accounted for from 13.7% to 28.3%; Since China Taiwan imported us $179 million, down 16.4% year on year, accounted for from 8.6% to 8.6%. Fourth to the tenth source of imports of South Korea, Italy, the United States, Spain, France, Switzerland and Singapore; Of the top 10 importers to total accounted for 98.5%.
In the United States imported machining center, the most, from Japan imported from Japan in the first half of 2013 to $2013, fell 26.4% year on year, the proportion fell from 59.6% to 56.5%; Second, China's Taiwan imports of $64.812 million, fell 29.1%, accounted for from 11.5% to 10.4%; From Germany imported us $63.7 million, down 23.4%, accounted for slightly from 10.3% to 10.2%. From the fourth to the tenth import source position of South Korea, Italy, France, Switzerland, New Zealand, China and Brazil; Of the top 10 importers to total accounted for 99.6%.
From the processing center of trade of China and the United States, in the first half of 2013 U.S. $5.409 million, imports from China fell 38.6% year on year, accounting for less than 0.9%. And China's imports from the United States processing center for $56.16 million, up 60.6% from a year earlier, proportion rose to 3.1%, reflecting the constantly improve machining center us competitiveness.
4. There are differences between the import product structure
In the first half of 2013, China imported machining center are mainly vertical machining centers, horizontal machining center and gantry machining center, 43.3% were vertical machining center is given priority to, 44.5% for horizontal machining center, 9.1% for gantry machining center, the rest for other machining center.
The United States imported machining center are mainly vertical machining center and horizontal machining